In 1941, the Regiment was reinstated in Buzuluk, Russia. General Anders decided to organize a squadron which was a modern fighting unit capable of anti – tank defense. In July 1942, the squadron became a division which consisted of a commander unit, and three line squadrons. After leaving Russian territory, on October 17, 1942, in the Middle East, the squadron was named the 12-th Regiment of armored Cavalry. This was changed on December 1st 1943 to the 12th Podolian Lancers as an armored reconnaissance regiment. From the end of November, the Regiment uniforms were British. The Polish Eagle as well as the pennants on their collar was the mark of the regular Cavalry. In January, 1942, the pennant was that of the 12th Podolian Lancers Regiment.
Commanders: Capt.. Czeslaw Florkowski (1941-1942) and Capt.. Jerzy Klimkowski (1942-1943)
Gen. W. Anders
1943-1944, Italian Campaign:
The Reconstituted Regiment began combat operations in the Central Apennines, by the Sandro River, where they took up defensive positions. In the battle for Monte Cassino (from April 26th to May, 19, 1944), on May 18th the first patrol of the Regiment took the hill and the monastery. They set their Regimental pennant on its ruins.
The Regiment continued its offensive in Piedmont and the Adriatic. After liberating many Italian cities, the regiment was sent to do battle for the Gothic Line. They continued their offensive push until November, 18th. On December 24, 1944, the Regiment was sent to the 2nd Corps in Cassarone.
Destroyed: about 30 armored vehicles, captured 23 heavy machine guns, took 198 prisoners (including the last German commander of Monte Cassino)
Granted: 25 Virtuti Millitari Crosses and 350 Crosses of Valour. Awarded with 1 British decoration,1 American and 18 Italian.
Lt.-Col. Dip. Leon Bittner (1943-1944),
Lt.-Col. Adam Belinski (1944),
Lt.-Col. Leon Fudakowski (1944-1949)
After the Italian campaign, The 12th Podolian Lancer Regiment remained in Italy until October, 1946, when they shipped out (by sea, from Naples to Glasgow). Over the next two years, the Regiment adjusted to civilian life in the Polish Resettlement Corps in England. On May 9th 1949, the Regiment was dissolved.
Based on: The outline of war history in Polish regiments in September Campaign -12th Podolian Lancers, Jerzy S. Wojciechowski, Pruszkow 2003